Backup Files in Windows 10: The Ultimate Guide

Our files and data are integral to our work, memories, and personal information. The thought of losing these valuable files can be devastating, which is why having a backup is essential. Windows 10, the latest operating system from Microsoft, comes equipped with built-in backup features that can help safeguard your files. This article will provide a comprehensive guide on how to backup files in Windows 10, covering the reasons for backup, the different backup features available, and alternative methods.

28 ago 2021

Why Backup Files in Windows 10

Before delving into the backup features of Windows 10, it's crucial to understand the significance of backing up your files. Backing up your files serves several purposes:

A. Safeguarding against data loss

Data loss can occur due to various reasons, such as hardware failure, malware attacks, accidental deletion, or system crashes. Without a backup, there's no guarantee that you can recover your files if any of these events transpire. Creating backups ensures that your files are safe and recoverable in case of unexpected data loss.

B. Restoring previous versions of files

Have you ever unintentionally made changes to a file and wanted to revert to a previous version? With a backup, you can easily restore past versions of your files, allowing you to undo changes and retrieve valuable information.

C. Seamless migration to a new device

When upgrading to a new computer or device, the process of transferring files can be daunting. However, with a backup, you can effortlessly migrate your files to a new device without the risk of losing any data.

Overview of Windows 10 Backup Features

Windows 10 offers several built-in backup features that cater to different needs. These features include:

A. File History

File History is a convenient backup tool in Windows 10 that automatically creates incremental backups of your files. With File History enabled, you can easily retrieve previous versions of your files, making it an ideal solution for users who frequently modify documents or projects.

B. Backup and Restore (Windows 7)

For users with familiarity with the previous Windows 7 operating system, Windows 10 includes a backward-compatible feature called Backup and Restore (Windows 7). This feature allows users to create full system backups, backup individual files/folders, and restore files from previous backups.

C. System Image Backup

System Image Backup is a comprehensive backup solution provided by Windows 10. This feature creates a copy of your entire system, including the operating system, settings, applications, and files. In the event of a system failure or hardware issues, you can restore your system to its previous state using the created system image.

How to Backup Files in Windows 10

Now that we have an understanding of the backup features available, let's explore how to use them to backup your files in Windows 10.

A. Using File History

  1. Connect an external storage device, such as an external hard drive or USB flash drive, to your computer.

  2. Open the Settings app by pressing Windows key + I, or by clicking the Start button and selecting the Settings icon.

  3. In the Settings app, click on "Update & Security" and then select "Backup" from the left-side menu.

  4. Under the "Backup using File History" section, click on "Add a drive" to select the external storage device you want to use for backups.

  5. Toggle the "Automatically back up my files" switch to the "On" position. Windows 10 will now start backing up your files regularly.

B. Using Backup and Restore (Windows 7)

  1. Open the Control Panel by pressing Windows key + X and selecting "Control Panel" from the menu.

  2. In the Control Panel, click on "Backup and Restore (Windows 7)".

  3. Click on the "Set up backup" button and choose the external storage device where you want to store your backups.

  4. Follow the on-screen instructions to select the files and folders you want to backup and set the backup schedule.

  5. Once the backup is configured, click on the "Save settings and run backup" button to initiate the first backup.

C. Creating a System Image Backup

  1. Connect an external storage device with sufficient space to store a complete system image backup.

  2. Open the Control Panel and click on "Backup and Restore (Windows 7)".

  3. Click on the "Create a system image" option on the left-side panel.

  4. Choose the location where you want to store the system image backup, either on a secondary internal or external hard drive.

  5. Select the drives you want to include in the system image backup. This will typically include the operating system drive and any other relevant partitions.

  6. Follow the on-screen instructions to start the creation of the system image backup.

The Pros and Cons of Windows 10 Backup Features

While Windows 10's built-in backup features provide convenience and reliability, there are pros and cons to consider.

A. Benefits of Windows 10 Backup Features

  • User-friendly interface: Windows 10 backup features are designed to be intuitive, making it easy for users to set up and manage their backups.

  • Integration with the operating system: Windows 10's backup features are tightly integrated with the operating system, ensuring compatibility and seamless functionality.

  • Cost-effective: As built-in features, File History and Backup and Restore (Windows 7) are accessible to all Windows 10 users at no additional cost.

  • System-wide restoration: The System Image Backup feature allows for complete system restoration, ensuring that all applications, files, and settings are restored in case of system failure.

B. Drawbacks of Windows 10 Backup Features

  • Limited cloud integration: Windows 10's built-in backup features primarily rely on external storage devices for backups. Cloud integration is limited, requiring additional third-party solutions for off-site backups.

  • Advanced customization options: While the built-in backup features cover most user requirements, advanced customization options, such as file filtering or differential backups, may not be available.

  • Complex system image restoration: Restoring a system image backup can sometimes be a complex process, involving multiple steps and technical knowledge.

  • Compatibility with different Windows versions: Older Windows versions may have compatibility issues with Windows 10 backup features, necessitating alternative backup solutions.

Alternative Methods of Backing Up Files on Windows 10

For users seeking additional backup options or more advanced features, there are alternative methods to consider.

A. Third-Party Backup Software

Third-party backup software often provides advanced features not available through Windows 10's built-in backup options. These include advanced scheduling, file versioning, encryption, and cloud integration. Popular third-party backup solutions for Windows 10 include Acronis True Image, EaseUS Todo Backup, and Macrium Reflect.

B. Cloud Backup Options

Cloud backup solutions offer the convenience of off-site storage, ensuring your files are safe even if your computer is damaged, lost, or stolen. Some popular cloud backup providers include Google Drive, Dropbox, OneDrive, and Carbonite. These services offer varying storage capacities and pricing plans to suit different needs.

C. Slik Safe: A Reliable Backup Solution

Slik Safe is a comprehensive backup solution that combines ease of use, security, and flexibility. With Slik Safe, you can schedule automatic backups, perform incremental backups, and securely store your data both locally and in the cloud. Slik Safe uses end-to-end encryption to protect your files, ensuring that only you have access to your data. More information about Slik Safe can be found on their website.


Taking proactive steps to backup your files is crucial in preserving your valuable data and protecting against potential loss. Windows 10 offers built-in backup features like File History, Backup and Restore (Windows 7), and System Image Backup, providing varying levels of simplicity and functionality for users. However, alternative methods like third-party backup software and cloud backup options offer additional features and flexibility. Evaluate your backup requirements and choose the method that best suits your needs to ensure the safety and recoverability of your files.

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